Sedating antihistamines and alcohol

Clinicians in primary care should ask patients about their alcohol intake and assess for alcohol misuse.

People who are misusing alcohol can access online and telephone support, community help groups or be referred to Community Alcohol and Drug Services.

Urticaria, commonly referred to as hives, is the most frequent dermatologic disorder seen in the emergency department (ED).

It appears as raised, well-circumscribed areas of erythema and edema involving the dermis and epidermis that are very pruritic. A large variety of urticaria variants exist, including acute immunoglobulin E (Ig E)–mediated urticaria, chemical-induced urticaria (non-Ig E-mediated), autoimmune urticaria, cholinergic urticaria, cold urticaria, mastocytosis, periodic fever syndromes including Muckle-Wells syndrome, and many others.

Pharmacological treatment with disulfiram may be initiated in primary care for patients with moderate to severe drinking problems who have been unable to reduce their intake with non-pharmacological approaches.

New Zealand has a drinking problem; it’s part of our culture.

Approximately one in five New Zealanders over the age of 15 years drinks in a way that is hazardous to their health.

CNS activity is obtained by substituting alkyl, alkenyl, or aryl groups on the pyrimidine ring. Long-term anticonvulsants for the treatment of generalized tonic-clonic and cortical local seizures.The 2014–15 New Zealand Health Survey found 80% of people aged over 15 years had an alcoholic drink in the past year, including 57% of those aged 15–17 years.many of whom view their drinking as normal and do not realise, or refuse to acknowledge, that they have a problem.Elderly people are more sensitive to potential side effects of daytime fatigue and cognitive impairments, and a meta-analysis found that the risks generally outweigh any marginal benefits of hypnotics in the elderly.A review of the literature regarding benzodiazepine hypnotics and Z-drugs concluded that these drugs can have adverse effects, such as dependence and accidents, and that optimal treatment uses the lowest effective dose for the shortest therapeutic time period, with gradual discontinuation in order to improve health without worsening of sleep.Hypnotica was a class of somniferous drugs and substances tested in medicine of the 1890s and later, including: Urethan, Acetal, Methylal, Sulfonal, Paraldehyd, Amylenhydrate, Hypnon, Chloralurethan and Ohloralamid or Chloralimid.

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